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Style Guidelines

Style Guidelines for Authors

The Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration welcomes contributions from authors writing on international commercial law and arbitration.

In preparing manuscripts, authors are asked to comply with the following:

  1. Main text
  2. Microsoft Word Template
  3. Abstracts
  4. Style Preferences

Main text

Submission requirements for manuscripts are set out in the VJ Submissions Guidelines.

All manuscripts must be submitted with both texts and footnotes double-spaced. The full name and position of the author(s) should also be included. Generally, manuscripts must not exceed 10,000 words for articles and 4,000 words for case commentaries; we recommend not more than 6,000 to 8,000 words for articles and 3,000 words for case commentaries.

The manuscript must be in Microsoft Word format.

Authors are responsible for ensuring the veracity of case names, citations and other references, and spelling.

Microsoft Word Template

A Microsoft Word template (below) for manuscripts is available for those authors who would like to make use of it. Briefly, the following layout is used:

  • Article Heading Font - Heading 1, Palatino Linotype, bold, capital text; size is 12 point;
  • Table of Contents - Normal, Times New Roman, bold; size is 11.5 point;
  • Main Text Font - Normal, Times New Roman; size is 11.5 point;
  • Main Headings Font - Heading 2, Palatino Linotype, bold, capital text; size is 12 point;
  • Footnote Font - Footnote Text, Times New Roman; size is 9 point;
  • Footnote Numbering - Times New Roman; size is 10 point.

 alt VJ Submission Template

Abstracts

Manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 150 words summarising the article's main points and conclusions. Authors are advised that this abstract may be printed in the Journal and published on the Vindobona Journal website.

Style Preferences

The Journal is published in English and spelling should be British rather than American. Language in the manuscript should be gender neutral.

Headings

  • Levels of headings in the manuscript should be clearly indicated.

Spelling

  • Standard English spelling and grammar (e.g. -ise/-isation endings, where the word can be spelt with either -ise or -ize endings; -re not -er ending)

Punctuation

  • Have a space after a comma (‘, and’)
  • Indicate points of omission using three points in square brackets with one space either side ( [...] )
  • Limit the hyphenation of words (where the word can be spelt with or without a hyphen, e.g. worldwide)
  • Use en-rule (-) for elision (e.g. pp.78-9) and parenthetical dashes (e.g. ‘ ... reading properly - and then ...’)

Italics

  • Do not underline words to indicate italics. Use italics.
  • Italicise case names, Acts, Conventions, Treaties, Codes, book titles and the full name of a report or journal.

Spacing

  • One space only between words and after punctuation, including full stops
  • One space after the initials of personal names (e.g. A. W. Smith)

Quotations

  • Single quotation marks should be used when indicating a quotation. Double quotation marks are used for quotes within quotes
  • use ‘[sic]’ where errors in quotes have been noticed
  • for quotes, right indent with one-line space top and bottom from main text
  • put punctuation outside quotation marks for incomplete sentences quoted

Numbers and page numbers

  • write out in full numbers less than 100, unless the context is overtly statistical or scientific, or units of measure are given; leave one space between quantity and measure (e.g. ‘2 in.’)
  • write out per cent unless it is given in a statistical context
  • page numbers: insert one space after the ‘p.’ (e.g. p. 5), elide following numbers except tens (e.g. pp. 4-8, pp. 9-34, pp. 12-14, pp. 23-5); use ‘pp. 4ff.’ for ‘page 4 and following pages’.

Umlaut

  • Use ‘ä’ instead of ‘ae’, ‘ö’ instead of ‘oe’ and ‘ü’ instead of ‘ue’, e.g. Düsseldorf.

Dates

  • format: 13 December 1996 or Friday, 13 December 1996
  • en-dash to denote an exact twelve-month period (e.g. 1996-7)
  • when referring to decades, there is no apostrophe between the year and the ‘s’. e.g. 1990s, not 1990′s.
  • spell out centuries, e.g. ‘in the nineteenth century’

Abbreviations and Acronyms

  • abbreviations and acronyms should be spelt out in the first instance with the abbreviated form following in brackets, e.g.: Moot Alumni Association (MAA)
  • use common abbreviations without full stops, e.g. UN Convention, UNCITRAL, USA
  • Authors should use the following expressions: ‘e.g.’; ‘i.e.’;
  • ‘Article’ at the beginning of a sentence ‘Art.’ or ‘Arts.’ when appearing within a sentence;
  • ‘Section‘ at the beginning of a sentence and ‘s.’ or ‘ss.’ when appearing within a sentence.

Footnotes

  • positioned at foot of page; separated from text by short rule; key number closed up to first word; each part of a reference separated by commas, within the footnote by semi-colons, conclude with full stop; single spacing in between footnotes (see below).
  • Authorised versions of case reports should be used in footnotes
  • When referring to a previous footnote, use ‘fn’, e.g. Please see fn 7.
  • Italicise ‘ibid.’, ‘supra’ and ‘infra’, e.g. Ibid., at p. 20 or supra fn 2.

Form of References

  • Please incorporate all bibliographical references in footnotes and base on the following formats:

Cases: Smith v Brown (1999) 198 CLR 555

Journals: Gabriel, H., “The International Chamber of Commerce Incoterms 1990: A guide to their terms and their usage” (2000) 3 Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration 61

Books: Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration, 2004, Sweet & Maxwell, London, at p. 20.

Chapters: Tay, A. E., “People′s Republic of China” in Tan, P-L. (ed), Asian Legal Systems: Law, Society and Pluralism in East Asia, 1997, Butterworths, at p. 14.

Statutes: According to the custom of the State

Conventions: Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards

Electronic Resources: UNCITRAL digest of CISG Article 78 case law, available at: ‹http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/digest/art78.html›

Cross-references:

When repeating a preceding reference, the author's surname followed by an abbreviated title and page number should be used. Alternatively, add ‘supra fn [..]’ to the abbreviated title and page number, if you wish, or if coherence requires that you be more precise.

For example:
1
Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration, 2004, Sweet & Maxwell, London, at p. 20.
[...]
5
Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Law and Practice, at p. 35.
Alternatively: 5 Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Law and Practice, supra fn 1, at p. 35.

When repeating an immediately preceding reference, use ‘ibid.’. For example:
1 Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Law and Practice of International Commercial Arbitration, 2004, Sweet & Maxwell, London, at p. 20.
2 Ibid.
3 Ibid., at p. 35.

Other examples for cross-references through the use of ‘supra’ and ‘infra’:

  • See supra text accompanying fns 12-14.
  • See supra fns 2-5 and accompanying text.
  • See cases cited supra fn 24.
  • See discussion infra Part 2.3.
  • See infra pp. 78-9.
  • See infra p. 50 and fn 62.

Senior Editor-in-Chief
5 October 2009